There are different methods of performing breast reconstruction. These are divided mainly into two procedures: implant (internal prosthesis) and flap procedures (tissue transfer). The choice depends on specific circumstances and on the doctor’s recommendation.
A simple implant involves creating a pocket behind the skin and chest wall muscles and placing an internal prosthesis to create the shape of the breast. The existing mastectomy scar is used for the incision, or new incision may be made just below the breast.
Flap procedures, or own tissue reconstruction, are used when skin or muscle tissue is needed, for example after a total or radical mastectomy, or when an implant is not used.